10 Rules of the Game of Baseball in a Match


Baseball or baseball is a type of team sport where it is a game between 2 teams and as in any sport, of course, there are rules of baseball itself that need to be known. Just like the rules of softball games and other sports games, baseball has rules that must be understood and obeyed by every player.

Field and Position of Defense Team Players

According to the expert at Matting Baseball, the basic thing about baseball rules that need to be known is that the baseball field is baseball circle. There are nine players for each offense team (attacker) and defence team (defence). The defence team is generally the home team, and this is done at the beginning of the game as the game starts.


The nine defence or defensive players must occupy positions that have been set by their team, namely 4 players (first, second and third baseman, along with shortstop) in the infield area or/ front defence area, 3 other players (left-fielder, centre -fielder, and right-fielder) must be in the outfield or rear defence area, and the remaining 2 players such as pitchers must be in the middle of the infield. They must stand directly above the Pitcher’s Mount and meanwhile the catcher player can sit squatting directly behind the home plate and must to create a distance between 18.5-19 meters facing the pitcher.

For offence teams, the positions on the field must be outside or on the side of the field and in their respective places (dugout).

Later, the offence or hitter team can advance one by one, in turn, to hit when starting the game while placing themselves in the batter’s box on the side of the home plate. Then from there, the player can try to hit the ball as best as possible which leads to the game area so that the defence team is not able to catch the ball from the offence team player.

HIT is a term used to describe the condition in which a Base is produced from a ball hit which is not caused by an error or error from the defending team. That goes on and applies to the next hitter.


For the rules of strikes in baseball, there is 3 times the opportunity that will be given to each hitter to be able to hit the ball thrown by the pitcher. If on three occasions the pitcher can successfully throw the ball and enter the strike zone without the hitter being able to hit it, the hitter will be declared immediately OUT.

OUT means the hitter who fails to hit the ball three times is required to leave the field and must return to the dugout. So to avoid being OUT, of course, the hitter or hitter needs to be successful on the ball properly.


Each time the hitter or hitter has hit the ball in the direction of the game area and then continues to become a baserunner or runner. A hitter who is able to hit the ball must try to run fast and as fast as possible to the base where of course it should be as much and as far as the hitter base is capable of during the defensive player in the process of capturing and controlling the ball hit by the hitter and throwback to other defence players in an effort to make an OUT runner.

If the runner has reached the first base before the defender can throw the ball towards the first baseman infielder, the runner can automatically stand right on the first base while then waiting for the next batter to hit the ball.

One runner can only occupy each base rule, and during a live ball or play ball during a match, the baserunner is legitimate to leave the base at any time and does not have to rely on pitching to do base stealing and run towards the next base.


The next rule is regarding balls, and because ball strikes are often too easy to hit hitters successfully, the pitcher will sometimes throw the ball outside the strike zone to fool the hitter, which in turn automatically hits the swing.

It’s just that the trick is not recommended to be used excessively because if the pitcher has made up to 4 times the throw with the model and does not work in tricking the paddle, automatically after four balls, the paddle will be allowed directly to the first base. This rule means the hitter does not have to hit the ball first to get to the base because it is immediately permissible where this is an advantage for the hitter.

That is the reason why umpire plates play a significant role in calculating the count between strikes and balls on each pitch. And it’s also essential to know when the ‘battle’ between the pitcher and the hitter ends.

When the hitter is out because it is unable to hit the ball strikes on 3 occasions.

When the hitter can go to the first base freely because of the 4 times the pitcher does the balls.

When the hitter has managed to hit the ball towards the game area and proceed to the runner.

When the hitter is hit by a pitcher accidentally or intentionally where the hitter is allowed to go to the first base after that.

Force Out

If the defence team successfully controls the ball from the hitter and as soon as possible takes a throw to the first baseman who controls the base, then the offence team player can automatically be declared for OUT, mainly if it occurs before the runner reaches the first base.

The hitter must run after hitting the ball in the direction of the game area, and if it loses quickly to the ball then the first baseman catches first, the proper term to describe this condition is a force out. Field Umpire is the one who will decide whether the beginning runner or the ball reaches the base first so that it is proven and does not experience errors.


Safe is obtained by the hitter/runner who successfully reaches the base before the base infielder catches the ball. That means he can also stay silent while standing on the base he has already arrived. Then go on to the next hitter and try to help the baserunner in front to successfully reach the next base. Field Umpire was the one in charge of being a safe sign with both hands opened and widened.


With its risks, a baserunner can also leave the base he has occupied at any time and try to get to the next base without having to wait for the results of his team-hitter before being OUT-issued by the defense player. This is called the base-stealing because the runner will try to get to the next base secretly so that the defense team does not know.

Tag Out

This is an opportunity for the defence team to turn off the opposing team player by making it OUT by using the ball then turning off the baserunner when the baserunner is not in / standing in the bases. But when the baserunner leaves the base, so the distance to the next base is shorter, the Defense team can only make it die with the tag aka the ball touched to the runner.

Double Play

Double Play is a game rule term for a defence team that kills two opposing players (from the offense team) at once, and there is even a Triple Play term in which three players are immediately turned off. A baserunner who was previously on first base must reach second base when his teammate hitter has managed to hit the ball in turn, even though the chance for a baserunner is quite small.

In this case, the defence team can try to control the ball first and throw the ball to the second base. This is to be able to turn off the runner that is already there without tagging out and then after that proceed lightning throwing the ball to the first base to turn off the hitter that just hit and head to the first base without the tag out.

Strike Zone

The strike is not just a term used in bowling. A strike throw will only be counted for pitcher gain if the ball is right inside the strike zone and is not fit properly, the ball is outside the strike zone or catch and is not hit even though the paddle has swung, and if the ball is hit by the paddle but goes out from the game area. The issue of whether the pitcher throws out or enters the strike zone will be determined by the Umpire Plate who is in charge of deciding.

So little information about the rules of baseball games that would be understood by the players. There is little in common with softball, but to distinguish it, you can look for differences in baseball and softball to make it more transparent.


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