Like diabetes, hypertension is also a widespread sickness. Several studies say that out of four more than one person in the UK is suffering from hypertension. About 85 million people are suffering from this problem. Hypertension is the other name of the high blood pressure. Hypertension is one of the global health concern.
Obesity, consumption of too much alcohol, and family history of hypertension is the leading cause of hypertension. In this post, we’ll discuss some fact about hypertension along with its purpose, symptoms & prevention. But before coming to the cause, symptoms & prevention of hypertension let’s discuss what blood pressure is.
What is Blood Pressure & Hypertension?
It is defined as the force exerted by the blood against the wall of the blood vessels. The blood pressure depends upon the work being done by the heart & the resistance of the blood vessels. The average blood pressure of a healthy person is about 120/80 mmHg. But anything up to 140/90 mmHg is considered as the average blood pressure. But when your blood pressure is around the 140/90 mmHg try to lower it.
Your blood pressure has two readings, the top one is of systolic blood pressure (i.e., when your heart beats & pushes the blood around your body) and the bottom one is your diastolic blood pressure (it is the lowest pressure when your heart relaxes between the beat). The condition when the blood pressure increase the normal range is considered as high blood pressure or hypertension (hyper= high).
Quick Overview Of Blood Pressure
Blood pressure is mainly defined into five categories
- Healthy Blood Pressure: when blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg.
- Elevated Blood Pressure: when the blood pressure is in between 120-129/80 mmHg.
- Stage 1 Hypertension: when the blood pressure is in between 130-140/80-90 mmHg
- Stage 2 Hypertension: when the blood pressure is in between the 140-179/90 mmHg
- Hypertensive crisis: when the blood pressure more than 180/120 mmHg. In this situation the person needs urgent medical treatment.
Cause of Hypertension
The exact cause of hypertension isn’t known, but there are some factors which can increase the chance of hypertension, are listed below:
- Lack of physical activity
- High salt in your diet
- Family History, i.e., Genetically
- Chronic Kidney problem
- Consumption of alcohol
- Using Tobacco
Symptoms Of Hypertension
- Difficulty in breathing or shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Visualization problem
- Blood in the urine
- Nose bleeding
If you experience above-listed issues, then you require immediate medical attention. The best way to know your blood pressure is to get regular blood pressure reading.
Preventive Methods Of Hypertension
There are lots of medicine available in the market. Some of them is listed below:
- Beta-blocker: This is resulting in a slower heat beat with low force. Beta-blocker reduce the amount of blood pumped out through the arteries with each beat, resulting in lower blood pressure.
- Diuretics Drugs: High sodium level & a high concentration of fluid in the body can also increase the blood pressure. Diuretic drugs are resulting in the removal of excess amount of sodium & fluid from the body.
- ACE Inhibitor: A chemical compound, Angiotensin reduces the width of the artery & blood vessels due to which the blood pressure increases an ACE inhibitor stops the secretion of ACE, so the blood vessels get relaxed which results in lower blood pressure.
Some Home Remedies For Hypertension
Hypertension can also be reduced by some home remedies. Some of them are
- Check your diet: Consumption of healthy food is a good habit for the reduction of blood pressure. Increase the number of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish &, etc. in the diet.
- Participates in physical activities: Regular exercise reduces your stress, lower blood pressure & provides strength to your cardiovascular system
- Reduces Stress: The most excepted way to reduce or manage your stress is exercise, but you can also cut it by adopting medication, deep breathing, & yoga practices
Now you’re very much aware this the term hypertension or high blood pressure. Hypertension increases the chance of getting heart diseases. Hence regularly check your blood pressure and if needed then contact your doctor.